Kenmare understands that we are the temporary custodians of the land we mine and where our operations are located. We have an accountability to minimise the impact on land, protect biodiversity and rehabilitate disturbed areas as effectively and efficiently as possible.
Kenmare recognises the importance of the land to local communities for subsistence farming and more broadly some key biodiversity aspects that are endemic to Mozambique.
Land Management Strategy
In June 2020 the Board of Directors approved our Land Management Strategy, which will help guide us in four key areas:
- Mine Rehabilitation
- Food Security
- Biodiversity Management
- External Engagement
Kenmare is committed to rehabilitating mined land as soon as available and the process of minerals sands mining lends itself to progressive rehabilitation.
Part of the annual mine planning process includes setting an annual rehabilitation targets. The 2020 rehabilitation area was largely aligned with our five-year rehabilitation plan and operational open area requirements. A total of 283 Ha was rehabilitated with topsoil, with the natural seed content contributing to the development of mixed trees and grassland rehabilitation. Planting of indigenous trees supplements the development of these areas. A further 9 Ha was planted with 10,133 casuarina trees in 2020, a future commercial forestry crop, using community nurseries to supply saplings. 26 Ha was also converted to wetland.
During 2019, 175 Ha of rehabilitated mined land was returned to our host communities. Further land returns will continue in future years, providing agricultural land for subsistence farming. A photograph of some land rehabilitated by Kenmare is on the right.
Restoration and conseravation
During 2020, we continued to focus, with external experts, on the development of a programme to restore and conserve 220 Ha of forest of Icuria dunensis adjacent to our operations. Icuria dunensis is a tree species endemic to Mozambique and is listed as Endangered on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature ( IUCN) Red List.
Supporting local farmers
Through KMAD, we also support a Conservation Agriculture programme. The aim of the programme is teach local farmers to sustainably improve crop yields, reduce disease and improve market connections. In 2019 the programme produced 43 tonnes of crops versus 16 tonnes through traditional methods and at the end of the year there were over 250 farmers registered to participate.